Geographic information systems and health system recovery Part 1

Generating post-disaster health system in general aims to restore and improve the system that ensures public health. This can be achieved if the government has the financial system to ensure people's access to health services without exception and to protect citizens through early detection and control of risk factors and causes of disease. It also comes with a health worker with a good work ethic and be in health facilities with a supportive environment, supported by people who have healthy behavior as well as services and infrastructure of society (NGOs, non-formal networks) more cooperative. A good health system should also be accompanied by the infrastructure and mechanisms to monitor performance and evaluate the effectiveness of the system itself.

Information and cooperation
If you want to quickly get up, health reconstruction effort depends on accurate information and good coordination between sectors.

Various parties have engaged in activities ranging from civil engineering, public health sciences, medicine, geography, geodesy, geology, information technology, pharmacy, nursing and others. At present, the question is how we can integrate it all? In the emergency phase of yesterday, most of the information flows quickly, it is not structured in the form teksual, narrative or graphic. In the reconstruction phase, we need a more structured data processing, informative, in-depth, either in the form of graphs, maps and other forms of analysis. So, in what form applications, health authorities (district and provincial levels) to monitor, for example, the progress of the reconstruction of health centers in easily? How did the health department that maintains immunization coverage? In addition, if high-risk pregnant women can still monitored for maternal and infant mortality rates are not under control?

Geographic information system
With the support of information technology advances such as this, one tool is the potential for integrating geographic information systems (GIS). Geographic information system is a set of arrangements and procedures that include software, hardware to process data / information in a spatial context (spatial) to support decision making. Although not a new thing (a John Snow has been used to map cholera in London in the 19th century), but with a wealth of data and information, as well as the sophistication of analysis methods, this device can provide a fresh new look in support, oversee, and improve the resurrection of the system health emergencies. Web-based application model is no longer a stand-alone applications are isolated and inconvenient to be updated.

With the Internet, GIS applications can combine different types of graphic media. Various health centers damaged images can be linked into the application. Satellite maps and aerial photos Jogja can be combined, in addition to geographic location coordinates of health facilities and refugee camps. Picture of disease morbidity in the form of thematic maps can also make it easier for decision makers (read: health districts / provinces and led health centers) in analyzing the epidemiological situation in their region.